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What are some signs of an articulation disorder?

An articulation disorder involves problems making sounds. Sounds can be substituted, left off, added or changed. These errors may make it hard for people to understand you.

Young children often make speech errors. For instance, many young children sound like they are making a "w" sound for an "r" sound (e.g., "wabbit" for "rabbit") or may leave sounds out of words, such as "nana" for "banana." The child may have an articulation disorder if these errors continue past the expected age. (Taken from



What are some signs of a phonological disorder?


A phonological process disorder involves patterns of sound errors. For example, substituting all sounds made in the back of the mouth like "k" and "g" for those in the front of the mouth like "t" and "d" (e.g., saying "tup" for "cup" or "das" for "gas").


Another rule of speech is that some words start with two consonants, such as broken or spoon. When children don't follow this rule and say only one of the sounds ("boken" for broken or "poon" for spoon), it is more difficult for the listener to understand the child. While it is common for young children learning speech to leave one of the sounds out of the word, it is not expected as a child gets older. If a child continues to demonstrate such cluster reduction, he or she may have a phonological process disorder. (Taken from




Your child demonstrates the ability to produce the sound in words, phrases and sentences! Now what? How do we get your child to practice that sound all of the time? Well, this is not an overnight process; however, there are things that you can do at home that facilitates continued production. Here are some examples:

Strategies To Practice Articulation At Home!

1.Reminders to use his/her good speech sound during designated time. This way , you aren't correcting the sound all of the time, only during specific designated times. You can tell your child beforehand that from this time-to- this-time you will be listening for his good speech sound
For example:
-during dinner
-in the car 
-during the morning before school routines/bedtime routines
-while reading a book together

2.Family Games: (this can be another designated time where good speech sounds and slow speech can be used!)
- "I spy" game “I spy with my little eye, something that is………” 
-"Duck duck goose" game
- "Simon Says" game 
- "snakes and ladders" board game
- “headbandz” – a game used to describe an item that a certain player cannot see, great for descriptions of vocabulary while using appropriate speech sounds
-What's Missing? Put several things on the table and take one away while your child hides his/her eyes. Use his good speech sounds sounds while trying to guess what is missing!
-Whats in the box? Put an item in a box and havey our child close his/her eyes and try to describe what they thinks it is, using their good speech sound.
-go on a "sound walk" using your good sound, try to find as many items with your sound as you can. Can use carrier phrase “Look! I see a …….”

3. Books to facilitate speech sounds, Any book will be beneficial, but there are some books specifically designed for your child’s speech sound. 





Articulation Activities



/K/ Sound







 House K hunt


 /S/ and /Z/








/L/ sound




 CutandGlueL .pdf 


/TH/ sound







Th charades



/R/ sound

 SummerThemed R Articulation.pdf 


"r" charades



Vocalic R:

General articulation/multiple sounds targets available






Untitled document.pdf






Online games:
Initial /r/:

Initial "r" blends:

Medial "R":

Vocalic R:
Medial Vocalic R:
Medial "ER":
Medial and Final "AR":
Final "ER":

Printable Activities:
Vocalic R Flashcards:
Vocalic R Handout:

Word Lists:
R at the beginning of words:

R in the middle of words:

R at the end of words:

The "S" Sound
Worksheets & Handouts:
S at the beginning of words:

S in the middle of words:

S at the end of words:

Online Games:
S at the beginning of words:

S in the middle of words:

S at the end of words:
Final Consonants
Word Lists:
The "K" Sound

K at the beginning of words:

K in the middle of words:

K at the end of words:
The "G" Sound

G at the beginning of words:

G in the middle of words:

G at the end of words:
The "L" Sound
Wordlists & Handouts:

L at the beginning of words:

L in the middle of words:

L at the end of words:

L in all word positions:

L Bingo:
Links for all sounds
Here are some links that contain great printables and games for all sounds. Please click on a link and find your child's target sound!

Printables and Word Lists:

Fun online articulation games:
S Blends
Online Games: