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Shift 1

Balancing Informational

& Literary Text


Students read a true balance of informational and literary texts.


Shift 2


Knowledge in the Disciplines


Students build knowledge about the world (domains/ content areas) through TEXT rather than the teacher or activities


Shift 3


Staircase of Complexity


Students read the central, grade appropriate text around which instruction is centered. Teachers are patient, create more time and space and support in the curriculum for close reading.


Shift 4


Text-based Answers


Students engage in rich and rigorous evidence based conversations about text.


Shift 5


Writing from Sources


Writing emphasizes use of evidence from sources to inform or make an argument.


Shift 6


Academic Vocabulary


Students constantly build the transferable vocabulary they need to access grade level complex texts. This can be done effectively by spiraling like content in increasingly complex texts.