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Roles and Responsibilities of a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)

An SLP working within an academic setting evaluates, diagnoses, and treats students with deficits in the following areas:


  • Articulation
  • Fluency
  • Voice and resonance, including respiration and phonation
  • Receptive and Expressive language, which includes understanding and use of language
  • Auditorily Impaired, including the impact on speech and language
  • Cognitive aspects of communication (e.g. attention, memory, sequencing, problem-solving, executive functioning)
  • Social aspects of communication
  • Communication modalities (including oral, manual, augmentative, and alternative communication techniques and assistive technologies)


A parent/guardian and/or classroom teacher may refer a student to the Speech-Language department within their building in order to determine if an evaluation is warranted.  Assessment by a certified and/or licensed Speech-Language Pathologist is provided as a means to establish the educational impact and determine eligibility for speech-language services, which is governed by the New Jersey state code.





TALK, TALK, TALK   (Tools to Facilitate Language) by Nicole Muir, Kathryn Gerylo, Monica Gompf, Theresa Burke, Pat Lumsden and Sandra McCaig is a wonderful book for parents and educators who want to encourage children who are reluctant communicators to use language.  They recommend the following tools:

Look at their faces
Wait a few seconds before you reply to what they say
Take only one speaking turn at a time
Show you are listening
Talk about what you are doing
Talk about what they are doing
Talk about what they want to talk about
Talk about what you see
Use new words
Repeat new words often
Repeat part or all of their sentences in question form
Repeat their sentences and add to them
Help them by starting their sentences or filling in difficult words
Model correct sentence forms
Respond to their feelings
Ask appropriate questions
Avoid criticizing them
Avoid pressuring them to talk
Avoid interrupting them
Avoid changing topics quickly



HABLAR, hablar, hablar (herramientas para facilitar el idioma) por Nicole Muir, Kathryn Gerylo, Monica Gompf, Theresa Burke, Pat Lumsden y Sandra McCaig es un libro maravilloso para padres y educadores que quieren alentar a los niños que son comunicadores reacios a usar el lenguaje. Recomiendan las siguientes herramientas:

Mira sus caras
Espere unos segundos antes de contestar a lo que dicen
Tomar sólo una vuelta habla a la vez
Mostrar que está escuchando
Hablar de lo que estás haciendo
Hablar de lo que están haciendo
Hablar de lo que quieren hablar
Hablar de lo que ves
Usar palabras nuevas
Repetir palabras nuevas a menudo
Repetir parte o la totalidad de sus condenas en forma de pregunta
Repetir sus condenas y añadir a los
Ayudarles a partir de sus condenas o relleno en palabras difíciles
Modelo sentencia correcta formas
Responder a sus sentimientos
Preguntas apropiadas
Evitar criticarlos
Evitar presionar a que hablen
Evitar interrumpirlos
Evitar cambiar temas rápidamente