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Essay Format


  • Hook- Grab the reader’s attention.
  • Background-General overview about the passage(s).
  • Thesis/Claim- The argument you are making about the topic; what you’re claiming to be true; (TOPIC EXAMPLES: character, theme, or point of view; you will prove this in the body paragraphs.)


Body Paragraphs:

  • Topic Sentence- Main idea of your paragraph: (titles, author, connect to topic).
  • Transition to Evidence- Transition to your Direct Quote.
  • Explanation-Explain your evidence; explain how it is proving your argument.

(Repeat evidence and explanation as needed.)

  • Concluding Sentence-Sum up your paragraph; connect back to topic sentence.



  • Rephrase thesis- Remind your reader about your topic.
  • Summarize- Emphasize your main points; Discuss Similarities and Differences.
  • Finalize Statement: Give the reader something to think about (Life lesson, call to action, thought-provoking statement/question.)





Point of View



Point of View- is the way an author discusses a topic or idea. It’s his/her opinion or position on a topic.



  • First Person Point of View: A CHARACTER tells the story; or a person tells about his/her own experience. shows the character’s perspective on events and his/her thoughts and feelings. Hint: “I”


  • Second Person Point of View: The author puts the READER in the story; For example: “You are an African penguin swimming in the ocean.” Hint: “You”


  • Third Person Point of View: A NARRATOR tells the story (the narrator is NOT a character in the story; he's an outsider); BOTH types tell you about all characters' actions and speech. Hint: He/She/They/Names


         *Limited: The narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of ONE character (limited to the main character) or does NOT know the thoughts and feelings of ANY character (limited to only actions and speech).


         *Omniscient: The narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of ALL characters (omniscient means "all knowing")



Determine the author’s point of view by paying close attention to the author’s:


  • Opinions- a personal view or attitude about something.
  • Bias- showing favoritism to one side of an issue.
  • Tone- The choice of words an author uses to convey his/her attitude towards a topic.