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As the Speech-Language Pathologist in Hamburg School, my responsibilities are to:


  •   Determine if children need specialized instruction through observations, interviews, and assessments. 
  •    Ensure that communication goals support student learning and social skills.
  •    Monitor and record speech and language behaviors to track progress towards goals.
  •    Research evidenced-based practices that will elicit speech and language targets.
  •    Provide resources and support to students, staff, and parents. 
  •    Target goals in:
    • Speech sound production (articulation). Children may substitute one sound for another, omit a sound or have trouble saying certain sounds clearly.
    • Some children are not able to use their own speech for functional communication need to be trained to use alternative/augmentative communication modalities. 
    • Language – vocabulary, concepts, and grammar. Includes how well words are understood and produced with cohesive meaning. Language problems often lead to reading and writing problems.
    • Phonology-how we hear and manipulate sounds. This includes phonetics (alphabetic principle or sound/symbol awareness), the way we map sounds onto letter symbols in isolation, within syllable frames, words and sentences. 
    • Pragmatics (social communication)  – how to take turns, how close to stand to someone when talking, how to start and stop a conversation and follow the rules of conversation, including consideration of the communicative partner's needs and interpretation of metacommunication or nonverbal messages. 
    • Voice – The voice may sound hoarse, raspy or nasal. A child may lose his/her voice easily or may speak in a voice that’s too loud, too soft, too high or too low.
    • Stuttering – also called a fluency disorder is characterized by breaks in the forward flow of speech. Children may have trouble starting to speak, may get "stuck," or may repeat sounds, syllables, words or phrases. No one stutters when they sing! 
    • Cognitive Communication (thinking and memory) – includes problems with long term or short term memory, attention, auditory processing, problem-solving or staying organized.


Direct service means:

    • Working with the child one on one or in a group setting, within the speech room.
    • Working with the child individually or in a group, within the classroom or school environment.
    • Using a combination of these approaches.


Indirect service means:

    • Monitoring: Watching how a child’s speech and language skills are developing.
    • Consultation: Helping parents and teachers understand how the child communicates and learns and providing support for speech and language development at home and within the classroom. 


Home Practice is the only way to achieve Carryover of good speech sounds outside of speech sessions. Please use the following links to practice at home (language links also provided). Have Fun!


Alphabetic Principle (ABC, spelling and story games) (teaches letter and number recognition, matching, position on keyboard, letter writing, vowel sounds and more) (abc hide and seek) (etch-a-sketch find hidden letters-color a picture)  (animated letters/animals) (Alphabet Action) (interactive alphabet- letter names, sounds, how to write, and pictures with beginning sound) (Stanley’s Alphabet Adventure- game) (Stanley’s Alphabet Adventure- chart) (abc order and letter matching) (abc order game) (Kangaroo Confusion- letter matching game) (Alphabet Bears- abc order game)  (download “Learn Letters” and “Letter Sounds” FREE)


 visual phonics


spell it (magnetic strips game)


Articulation: (online artic. games) (more online artic. games)


Articulation and phonology (grade 3 and above) (app from Apple)



Articulation Carryover Activities:  


Listening Skills (Listening skills handout-tips) (auditory discrimination activities) (higher level listening activities)


 Social Language Skills: (social skills philosophy and activities-Clifford) (Printable Skills Sheets- For parents and teachers to practice with students)


Spelling/Word Families/Phonics: (on-line board game for finding first letter-sound in words) (beginning sounds games and activities) (Phonics activities) (spelling match game, 1-8) (spelling and vocabulary activities/worksheets, 1-8) (Fearless Freida-1: interactive spelling game- spell to dictation) (Fearless Freida-2: interactive spelling game- spell to dictation) (Alien Scavenger Hunt- chlloose correct letters) (build your own word search puzzles-easy and free) (Word Builder- interactive spelling game, grades 1-6) (several interactive spelling games that teach phonics/spelling patterns, CVC words, consonant clusters, long vowels and high frequency words) (drag and spell- fill in missing letters- 3 levels) (Spell-a-Roo game: click the word that is spelled wrong in a sentence- beginning or intermediate levels) (many phonological and phonemic awareness games/activities, including “Rags to Riches”, which is like the Millionaire, and “Challenge Board,” which is like Jeopardy) (letter matching game- click and drag to fill in the missing letter) (compound words) (word is given, then scrambled- drag letters in correct order) (word games, puzzles, etc.) (spelling activities from a 1st grade classroom) (free printable spelling worksheets from Spelling It Right) (basic spelling rules with exercises for each) (Spellits: interactive spelling activities- spelling tips, rules, patterns, word families, etc.)  (also good for categories)  (higher level spelling activities) (higher level spelling worksheet)


Reading: (letter-sound correspondence, spelling patterns, sound blending, reading) (reading movies, activities and quizzes)  (6 site words) (literacy games) (many online reading activities) (Reading Workshop) (Kids’ Lab Reading Workout, Gr. K-3) (higher level reading activities) (reading worksheets)


Shapes: (finding basic shapes in pictures) (on-line story, on-line activity, and take-home activity)



Categories: (naming things that belong in a category- click and drag) (name the category challenge board-1)  (name the category challenge board-2)


Rhyming: (match rhyming pictures) (match word and rhyming picture) (rhyming with Digby- 3 levels)) (catch the falling rhyming words) (interactive and printable activities) (Identify rhyming words)


Printable worksheet for rhyming words:


Sequencing: (Tina’s World- follow verbal instructions- click on 3 landmarks in sequence) (plant a flower- 3 steps) Sentence sequencing, story sequencing) (Sequence the story Goldilocks and the Three Bears) (Following directions involving spatial concepts) (Sequence a poem) (Arthur’s Story Scramble- put 3 parts of a story in order) (sequencing steps of an activity:  5-10 steps per activity- correct sequencing builds a picture) (Put sequences of pictures in order using clues in the pictures- 4 steps) (Graphic Organizers for Sequencing)


 Fluency: (Stuttering Awareness Game) (Stuttering Home Page) (online support for kids who stutter)


(The Chopper-fluency meter for PDA- free download) (Computer Aided Assessment of Cluttering Severity- free download)


English Usage, Grammar, etc., Worksheets and Games: (sentences- word order) (correct use of me, myself and I- grades 1-3) (language arts worksheets) (interactive board game-identify type of sentence: simple, compound or complex) (noun dunk- basketball game to teach common and proper nouns) (grammar lessons- parts of speech, parts of sentence, mechanics/conventions) (free printable worksheets)  (printable grammar handouts with key) (Grammar Gorillas game- parts of speech-beginner and advanced)  (Grammar Bytes- handouts, interactive exercises, terms and rules) (movie to teach about nouns-movie and quiz) (teaches antonyms, synonyms and homonyms- movie and quiz) (punctuation lessons and exercises)   (330 grammar topics) (grammar rules, tutorials, exercises, etc.) (for ages 4-11, reading, spelling and grammar- tests, activities and worksheets)


News Articles:  Comprehension, Vocabulary, Grammar: (world news articles from British paper The Guardian Weekly, with comprehension questions, vocabulary lessons, etc) (current events quiz- each question is linked to an article from the N.Y. Times) (today in history from the Library of Congress)


Vocabulary:,1682,11667-,00.html (context clues, prefixes, suffixes, compound words, dictionary skills etc.  Quizzes and exercises.) (vocabulary games, puzzles and quizzes) (online language games) (word games) (Vocabulary Universe) (Race to Ramses- action game that teaches prefixes, suffixes and roots, grades 2-3 and 4-6) (Aton-Ra- The Lost Statue- action game that teaches spelling, homonyms, prefixes, suffixes and sentence formation) (Noun Dunk) (game- choose correct collective noun for a group of animals) (Dungeon Escape- action game in which you answer riddles and unscramble words) (interactive activity for improving sentence formulation, adding details, describing words, etc.)


 Synonyms: (interactive online activities) (interactive game) (worksheet, key)


Antonyms: (crossword puzzle and key) (worksheet and key)


Homonyms/Homophones: (Alphabetical list of homonyms with definitions) (game-choose the correct homonym to complete the sentence) (interactive online practice)  )Homophones song-video)




Printable Analogies Worksheets- (lesson followed by worksheet) (“cool analogies”) (grammatical analogies-1) (grammatical analogies-2) (grammatical analogies-3) (grammatical analogies-4) (grammatical analogies-5) (Thanksgiving worksheet) (Halloween worksheet-1) (Halloween worksheet-2) (Seasonal Analogies worksheet) (Christmas Analogies) (analogies graphic organizer) (Analogies Challenge Board-1) (Analogies Challenge Board-2)


Idioms: (interesting idioms) (color idioms) (animal idioms) (body part idioms)



Fact or Opinion: (Fact or Opinion Tutorial) (tutorial) (tutorial/exercises) (fact or opinion graphic organizer) (quiz #1) (quiz #2) (Quiz) (quiz) (printable worksheet) (printable worksheet)  (printable worksheet) (printable worksheet) (printable worksheet- Martin Luther King, Jr.) (printable worksheet- Veterans Day) (printable worksheet (post test)


Cause and Effect: (American History Idol- cause and effect tutorial) (exercise) (connectors:  cause and effect exercise) (cause and effect relationship lesson) (graphic organizer, 1 cause and 1 effect) (graphic organizer, 1 cause and 3 effects) (graphic organizer, 2 causes and 1 effect)


Compare and Contrast: (comparison and contrast guide and activities) (compare and contrast activities and lesson plans) (compare and contrast activity page with online tutorial) (graphic organizers) (alike and different organizer)  (human versus robot activity) (humans versus robots article- works well with above activity- high level) (compare and contrast tutorial- includes story, activity and practice quizzes)  (2 online compare and contrast activities) (interactive Venn Diagram)


Wh- Questions:  (Wh-question Millionaire Game) (Rags to Riches Game) (When Questions) (Rags to Riches- Where Questions)


Please do not hesitate to email me with any questions or concerns regarding your child’s communication skills.


Klara “Kaycee” Azzopardi, M.Ed., M.S., CCC-SLP